Common types of cables and fibers avalible for local links

Cable Typic Bandwidths and Distances
Catergory 5 twisted pair 10-100Mbps, 100 m
50-ohm coax (ThinNet) 10-100Mbps, 200 m
75-ohm coax (ThickNet) 10-100Mbps, 500 m
Multimode fiber 100 Mbps, 2 km
Single-mode filber 100-2400Mbps, 40km

Stallings, William (1988). Data and Computer Communications New York: MacMillan Publishing Co.