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Geographical Setting

Shanghai is known as pearl of the East and it is the fastest-growing and world-centered city of China in 20th century.

Shanghai is located at the bank of the Yangtze River Delta, the seashore of East China Sea, with a total metropolitan area of 6,340.5 square kilometers and a population of 17 million. There are many small rivers and lakes inside the metropolis, providing plentiful water supplies.

The Chong Ming island of Shanghai in the Yangtze River is the third island of China. Shanghai has played an important role in not only Chinese history but also agriculture, economic and political development. The Shanghai city, once called Pu, named after the major river cross the city, the Huangpu River, is a nuclear commercial city supported by 12 districts and 10 counties. It is closely linked with the East China Sea in the east, Hangchow Gulf in the south, the Zhejiang province in the west, and the Jiangsu province in the north and west. Centrally located on China°¶s seashore, Shanghai has become the most important trading port between China and the world.

With a flat landform and a highly concentrated distribution of rivers, Shanghai has been one of the most well developed areas in Chinese history. Shanghai°¶s climate is sub-tropical, which is humid and warm with an average temperature of 65 degrees. Spring and fall are relatively short compared to winter and summer. The Yangtze River, it is the second longest river in China, and is easily navigable as well as commercially beneficial. The inner river transportation starts from big inner city Chungchin and end at Shanghai. Nearly all import or export cargos have to pass through the city, making Shanghai crucial to China and worldwide business.